Leading child tells a story: “There was a boy. The most ordinary boy. He lived in a big house with his father and mother. And as with all the usual boy, he had a grandfather and grandmother. And all the relatives as they could have cared about him. But he was their concern. He was so lonely. He thought that no one in the world can not understand him. Nobody in the world does not know how he is. And he wanted to know. He was trying to draw attention to themselves, jumped and screamed, and nothing – all the adults just scowled and grumbled. He was fighting, trying to prove that he is strong, and make friendship. But all classmates sighed, rubbing bumps and bruises, but were friends with each other and are not interested in him. And here on the mountain more fairy Roulet from the country Skuul emerged from beneath the earth and turned it into whom do you think? In the hedgehog. Do you think it has become stuck needles everywhere – so no. It was like needles, their answers frighten people. Whatever you tell him, whatever you ask in response: “No, I will not.” And it’s like a hedgehog, tried to hide in a corner, so it did not touch, did not learn to care. So the boy from the magic fairies Rule Skuul of the country has become even more lonely. But once our boy got on the occasion, not specifically to the tower under a terrible name Holidzh, and went to meet him, a girl named Saiko. She smiled at him and said, “Hello, boy. Let’s sit down, and you tell me everything. I’m listening to you. ” From these words of his needles immediately declined. The boy sat down and opened his mouth, and rushed out the amazing stories about his life, his feelings, experiences, that he is lonely and bored. Long told the boy, and listened to the fairy looked at him kindly and did not interrupt. The longer the boy said, the needles were getting smaller, and the dark cave in his heart grew lighter. Evening came. It was getting dark. “My mother is probably worried – said the boy – I run, good-bye.” “See you later, bye”, – said kindly fairy Saiko. ”
Then the host asks the child to draw a “cave of his soul.”
Indications for use of technology. Technique can be used in work with children having a stronger reticence. In the process of listening to the stories they identify with her character, and followed him during the execution of drawings tend to start talking about himself.
Examples of applications. Danya, 9 years old (parents are divorced), paints a “cave of his soul” striped, stripes and color gradually darkens down. He further said that this cave fits his life from 4 years – since he can remember. Then it was good. But gradually getting worse – it gets dark. Completes the picture at the bottom of a dark feature – it is the last two months, when strained relationships at home with his mother, and the boy asks to live with his father. Danya long talks. And then at the top of the figure shows a blue cloud. “There are angels,” – he says, his face brightens. So, the boy began to hope.
4. Psychocorrection fears
Before proceeding to a description of the logic and content of remedial work is necessary to consider the basic theory of childhood fears. But to preface their discussion to a brief description of the main trends in the development of the psyche in childhood, have the greatest influence on the features and contents of fear.
The main trend of development of the child is related to the formation of higher mental functions. As part of the cultural-historical theory of Vygotsky’s main line of ontogeny associated with the development of sign mediation of mental processes.
Based on Vygotsky’s theory, many researchers regard as one of the main lines of development in childhood development of signs and symbols of the child. It is an implementation of the sign of man’s relationship to himself and to the world.
Identify three successively appearing in the ontogeny of the form of signs and symbolic activity.
The first of these, the substitution is a transfer properties of one object to another.